academy

   A learned group accepted as authoritative in its discipline (subject area), or a school in which art is taught. Originally the school of philosophy founded by Plato in the garden of Academe, a district in the vicinity of Athens. It was closed by the Byzantine emperor Justinian I, with the other pagan schools, in 529 CE. The term usually refers to a recognized society established for the promotion of one or more of the arts or sciences. The earliest such organization was the Museum of Alexandria, founded by Ptolemy Soter in the third century BCE. The first such academy following the classical era in Europe was the Florentine Academy of Design (Accademia di Designo), founded by Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574) in 1560. Michelangelo was elected an officer in 1563, one year before he died. Numerous academies flourished in Italy, France, Germany, Austria, and Britain during and since the Renaissance. By 1729 there were more than five hundred in Italy alone. Academies specifically for art instruction Among the several academies in France, the one concerned with the visual arts is the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture, founded in 1648 by Colbert and King Louis XIV, and later known as the Académie des Beaux-Arts. Because the French academies dictated elaborate conventions and aesthetic doctrines for the manufacture of works of art, the term "academic" came to imply derivative rather than creative work. In England, the Royal Academy of Arts was established in 1768. Today it serves primarily as an art school and exhibition facility. The first art museum and art school in the U.S. was the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, founded in 1805 by Charles Willson Peale (1741-1827). Because they've generally supported the aesthetic tastes of their elders, academies have often been the targets of innovators in the arts. Also see academic, academic figure, academician, avant-garde, Salon, and teacher.

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

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  • Academy — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Academy (South Dakota) Academy (Texas) Academy bezeichnet auch: Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences einen Hersteller von Modellbausätzen: Academy (Unternehmen) Siehe auch: Academy… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Academy — A*cad e*my, n.; pl. {Academies}. [F. acad[ e]mie, L. academia. Cf. {Academe}.] 1. A garden or grove near Athens (so named from the hero Academus), where Plato and his followers held their philosophical conferences; hence, the school of philosophy …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • academy — (n.) late 15c., the classical Academy, from Fr. Académie, from L. Academia, from Gk. Akademeia grove of Akademos, a legendary Athenian of the Trojan War tales (his name apparently means of a silent district ), whose estate, six stadia from Athens …   Etymology dictionary

  • academy — [ə kad′ə mē] n. pl. academies [Fr académie < L academia < Gr akadēmeia: see ACADEME] 1. a private secondary or high school 2. a school offering instruction in a special field [a music academy] 3. an association of scholars, writers, artists …   English World dictionary

  • academy — [n1] school, especially for higher education boarding school, brainery*, finishing school, halls of ivy*, institute, military school, preparatory school, prep school, secondary school, seminary; concept 289 academy [n2] society or institution… …   New thesaurus

  • Academy — of Athens …   Philosophy dictionary

  • academy — index institute Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • academy — ► NOUN (pl. academies) 1) a place of study or training in a special field. 2) a society or institution of distinguished scholars, artists, or scientists that aims to promote and maintain standards in its field. 3) US & Scottish a secondary school …   English terms dictionary

  • Academy — An academy (Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of higher learning, research, or honorary membership.The name traces back to Plato s school of philosophy, founded approximately 385 BC at Akademia, a sanctuary of Athena, the goddess of wisdom, north …   Wikipedia

  • academy — /euh kad euh mee/, n., pl. academies. 1. a secondary or high school, esp. a private one. 2. a school or college for special instruction or training in a subject: a military academy. 3. an association or institution for the advancement of art,… …   Universalium

  • academy — n. 1) a military; naval; riding academy 2) an academy for (an academy for boys) 3) at an academy * * * [ə kædəmɪ] naval riding academy a military at an academy an academy for (an academy for boys) …   Combinatory dictionary

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